The Library of Wales collection published by Parthian has played an essential part in revitalising and recovering lesser known Welsh Writing in English authors. Originally published in 1935, Jack Jones’s Black Parade is a book in the collection that belongs to a time when Anglophone Welsh Writers really came into their own. Jack Jones’s novel about the acute industrialisation of the south Wales valleys is particularly refreshing due to his lack of literary background or training. Born in Merthyr Tydfil in 1884, he left school at the age of twelve to become a miner. He served in the First World War and was politically active in the Communist, Labour and Liberal parties.
Jack Jones may have been politically active, however Black Parade is not as polemical as Lewis Jones’s Cwmardy – two books which make an interesting comparison. Jack Jones’s novel portrays the effects of capitalism, industrialisation and the shifting politics of Wales at turn of the century by conveying the human cost of these radical times. The novel revolves around family, but it is the matriarch Saran who Jones makes the centre of his novel. Black Parade documents the arrival of modernity in the form of industrialisation and capitalism and the registers the effects it has on Saran and her family. Saran’s is a large family and Jones’s depicts the Welsh Mam with her brood of sons, each of them sent down to the coal mines as soon as they are old enough: ‘As soon as they were twelve she’d have them out of the old school and down the pit with their father, have them where they would do something to help to keep the others.’ Education is forfeited in order to bring money into the home.
The novel tackles the issue of the complex relationship between husband and wife and the strict gender stereotypes in turn of the century Merthyr. Saran is a bold character who, when her husband Glyn stands her up one evening when they are courting, enters a male-only taproom where she throws a bag of oranges and nuts in his face. It is the character of Saran that that reader really gets to know throughout the story. She changes from a young girl to grandmother during a novel that spans over thirty years.
The nonconformist religion of the valleys is another theme which also encompasses the novel. Jones documents the terror instilled in the Welsh people through parades and sermons. Jones uses the character of Saran’s brother Harry to comment on nonconformist religion. Harry is a notorious fighter and a raging alcoholic who is ‘saved’ after losing his leg. His sudden and dramatic adoption of Christian values brings to life the revivals that took place during South Wales at this time.
Many novels have been written about the South Wales valley, particularly during this era of complete domestic, social, economic and political change. What makes Black Parade quite unique is Jack Jones’s own experience of life in Merthyr Tydfil – he is a writer who has lived through and experienced much of what he writes about in this novel.